Copyright & Licenses

Articles, Posts and Images

This website uses Open Access and Creative Commons as the basis for use of documentation and image rights.

Articles and Posts
All articles and posts are original and are used with the author’s permission and consent. Opinions expressed within specific content are those of the author which may not necessarily coincide with the Editorial Board of NHRS.
Content included is for educational purposes and is included to stimulate debate, further research and awareness.
NHRS take no responsibility for the opinions and views of contributing authors.
Content may be originally written by NRHS staff, external authors or existing publications. Where content is not subject to Open Access conditions, authors and source will be acknowledged.
• See below for details of Open Access and Creative Commons usage.

All images used within the site will be either original, creative commons or licensed through official purchase.
Original images are taken by NRHS staff or used with permission of the image owner.
Creative Commons images are public domain content with free license to use commercially and accessed via several well known CC sources available on-line.
Specific images are used these will be purchased with the appropriate usage license required by the image copyright holder and the image repository.

Open Access
An Open Access publication is one that meets the following conditions:
» The author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small number of printed copies for their personal use.
» A complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable Open Access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving (for the biomedical sciences, PubMed Central is such a repository).
» Open Access is a property of individual works.
» Community standards, rather than copyright law, will continue to provide the mechanism for enforcement of proper attribution and responsible use of the published work.

From Open Access (

Creative Commons
Except where otherwise stated content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence.

Attribution-No Derivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-ND 4.0)

From Creative Commons (